And now… A question from a reader….
Dr Allen- There are a few questions troubling me. The first one concerns the loss of the ankle rocker phase of gait which can have implications further up the kinetic chain. It concerns the interplay of gastroc and soleus. Is it possible for gastrocnemius to work as a knee extensor when the foot is in the closed chain position - especially if the bodies centre of mass has advanced in front of the knee joint ? Thanks - RB
yes it is possible…….it is a retrograde movement as you have described.
it is not commonly seen, but can be, and usually manifests itself, in one of 2 ways.
Typically the client is more ligamentously lax than others……..and they tend to have a “kicking” type gait, where they thrust the leg out in front, like kicking a ball, with each step forward. This causes a heavy heel strike and locks the knee in preparation for midstance, and then follows your thinking. By the way, this client also seems to like standing in a hyperextended knee position at rest.
We remember that the gastroc soleus group begins to fire in the first 10% of stance phase (it is acting as a knee extensor here); to promote eccentric deceleration of the forward moving tibia, and continues to fire until terminal swing. It is believed the soleus provides much of the deceleration force and the gastroc assists in inverting the ankle at midstance and primarily flexes the knee at pre swing, just prior to toe off (Nordin, Frankel 2001). If the gastroc /soleus group fires prematurely, or excessively, particularly in prior to midstance, then we see the action you describe, and it manifests itself as premature heel rise and loss of ankle rocker.
A sudden hyperextesion at midstance or later, in a neurologically competent individual, is unlikely, as he force is too abrupt at this point and there is too much of a mechanical disadvantage.
We hope this helps explain things a bit. Please email us back if it doesn’t!
Uber Geeks, Shawn and Ivo