Podcast 122: Achilles problems, glutes, & feet.

Key tag words:
neuroscience, elon musk, achilles, tendonitis, tendonopathy, eccentric loading, tendon loading, gluteus maximus, gmax, glutes, abductor hallucis, foot pain, hip biomechanics, navicular drop, BEAR, ACL tear, ACL reconstruction, plantar fascitis

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Show Notes:

Stanford Develops Computer That Literally Plugs Into People's Brains


Elon Musk says humans must become cyborgs to stay relevant. 


1. achilles tendonopathy:


2. achilles tendinitis and tendonosis.

Ohberg L, Lorentzon R, Alfredson H, Maffulli N. Eccentric training in patients with chronic Achilles tendinosis: normalised tendon structure and decreased thickness at follow up. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2004;38(1):8-11. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2001.000284.

link to abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1724744/

3. Is Achilles tendon blood flow related to foot pronation?
 E. Wezenbeek,T. M. Willems,N. Mahieu,I. Van Caekenberghe,E. Witvrouw,D. De Clercq


4.  The effects of gluteus maximus and abductor hallucis strengthening exercises for four weeks on navicular drop and lower extremity muscle activity during gait with flatfoot

Young-Mi Goo, MS, PT,1 Tae-Ho Kim, PhD, PT,1,* and Jin-Yong Lim, MS, PT1  J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Mar; 28(3): 911–915.


Bridge-Enhanced Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair (BEAR) procedure uses stitches and a bridging scaffold (a sponge injected with the patient’s blood) to stimulate healing of the torn ACL eliminating the need tendon graft.

Murray, M., Flutie, B., Kalish, L., Ecklund, K., Fleming, B., Proffen, B. and Micheli, L. (2016). The Bridge-Enhanced Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair (BEAR) Procedure: An Early Feasibility Cohort Study. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 4(11).

L. Proffen, B., S. Perrone, G., Roberts, G. and M. Murray, M. (2015). Bridge-Enhanced ACL Repair: A Review of the Science and the Pathway Through FDA Investigational Device Approval. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 43(3), pp.805-818.