Doing Squats, Lunges as well as Walking and Running using the Big Toe Ineffectively.
This is an important video.
Here in the initial frames you should see that this fella is using his big toe muscles incorrectly. There is a long flexor and short flexor of the big toe, just like there is a long and short extensor muscle.
You should clearly see that the big toe sort of curls upwards in the early frames before he is coached to correct in the later frames. In these early frames his medial tripod stabilizing strategy is to use the short toe flexor (FHB - flexor halucis brevis) and more long toe extensor (EHL- extensor hallucis longus). This is what is giving the upward curl presentation. The problem with this strategy is that it is ineffective and uneconomical. It does not help to engage the medial tripod of the foot (ie. keep the big toe knuckle, the metatarsal head, down and purchased well on the ground) nor does it effectively assist the arch posturing of the foot.
You can see at the 17 second mark, with our coaching, he begins to learn and teach himself about the differing uses of the long and short hallux flexors. You can see him over correct from too much short flexor (FHB) into too much long flexor (FHL) where he claws the toe into the ground. You can then see in subsequent frames that he begins to play with the relationship to find a balance between the two. Then, you see that he loses the purchase of the medial tripod at 21 seconds where you see our hand enter the picture and queue the metatarsal head/knuckle down. When done correctly a double arch will form, one in the longitudinal arch of the foot and a second one just under the big toe. This big toe arch should be subtle but visible. If the client collapses this “toe arch” as we call it, they are driving the toe down with abundant short flexor (FHB). This can be easily seen on a pedograph mapping or foot scan represented by too much ink or pressure mapping at the proximal toe and little to no pressure distally through the pad of the big toe. These folks will struggle with adequate anchoring and purchase of the medial tripod (the 1st metatarsal head) and will challenge the longitudinal arch of the foot and thus the tibialis posterior as well as other structures. They can pronate too much and challenge the ankle mortise dorsiflexion range. Rear foot eversion can become abundant as well.
Balance of the long and short flexors of the big toe in concert with the long and short extensors. Too much short flexor usually couples with too much long toe extensor (hence the upward curl of the toe as we saw in the early video frames). Too much long flexor couples with too much short extensor, forming a claw-hammer toe presentation. There is a science to this. Balance must be achieved. Just running barefoot or in minimalism does not guarantee a stronger foot or better form. It may in fact get you a more strength in a bad pattern (as you saw in the first few seconds of the video) which leads to injury and it may get you stronger into many bad running and walking forms, both at the foot and higher up into your body.
There is more to this game than shoes and random exercises. This is a specific science, if you care to look beyond the basics that allow alot of injuries. This is how detailed our game is with our athletes and patients, because it is the way the game should be played.
The devil is in the details
Shawn and Ivo………Uber gait geeks.